Question: How Is The Route Of Administration Of Medication Determined?

What are the four routes of parenteral administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection..

What are the 3 checks of medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

What are the 7 rights of a patient?

To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

Why is it important to administer a medication by the proper route?

Be sure to take your medications correctly to get the most out them and to reduce your risk of side effects and other problems. Anyone giving you the drug should follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What is the effect of route of medication administration on absorption?

The absorption of the drug into blood depends on the blood supply to the muscle: higher the blood supply, quicker the absorption. Intravenous route: The drug is directly administered into a vein. It is absorbed completely, and is best way to deliver a precise dose quickly and in a well-controlled manner.

What determines the route of drug administration?

Two main factors determine whether or not a drug will reach its intended site of action in the body: The bioavailability of the drug; How the drug is given (route of administration).

What are the common injectable routes of administration?

Injection routesSubcutaneous (under the skin)Intramuscular (in a muscle)Intravenous (in a vein)Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What are the 10 rights of the patient?

Ensuring the following rights:right PATIENT.right MEDICATION.right REASON.right DOSE – for the patient’s weight.right ROUTE.right FREQUENCY.right TIME.right SITE.

Which of the following are important components of medication administration?

The importance of following the “Five Rights” of Medication Administration (right patient, drug, dose, route, and time) is ingrained in every medical, nursing, and pharmacy student’s training.

What routes can antibiotics be given in?

Antibiotics can be given by a number of different routes including by mouth, injection into a vein or by washing inside the uterus and the surgical site with a saline solution containing the antibiotic.

Is inhalation faster than intravenous?

The drug effect is experienced in less than one minute. Inhaling or breathing a volatile substance such as petrol or nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) is almost as fast as IV drug use, because the gaseous molecules travel easily and quickly through the cell walls from the lungs into the bloodstream.

What is the fastest route of absorption?

The fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since the drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

Which route of medication administration is the fastest?

IntravenousIntravenous (IV) Injection straight into the systemic circulation is the most common parenteral route. It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What are the advantages of oral route of administration?

The oral administration route is preferred over the various other administration routes of drug delivery due to the many advantages it exhibits. These advantages include safety, good patient compliance, ease of ingestion, pain avoidance, and versatility to accommodate various types of drugs (Sastry et al., 2000).

Which route of medication administration has the slowest rate of absorption?

A subcutaneous injection is a method of administering medication. In this type of injection, a short needle is used to inject a drug into the tissue layer between the skin and the muscle. Medication given this way is usually absorbed more slowly than if injected into a vein, sometimes over a period of 24 hours.

What are the abbreviations for the routes of administration?

Table: Common Medical and Prescription AbbreviationsAbbreviationMeaning / Intended MeaningCategoryIJinjectionroute of administrationIMintramuscularroute of administrationINintranasalroute of administrationinfinfusionroute of administration128 more rows•Jul 17, 2019

What are the different routes of administration?

9.5. For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

Is IMQ faster than IM?

Intramuscular injections are absorbed faster than subcutaneous injections. This is because muscle tissue has a greater blood supply than the tissue just under the skin. Muscle tissue can also hold a larger volume of medication than subcutaneous tissue.