Question: Which Are The Emergency Drugs?

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error.

High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index.

that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur..

What are critical drugs?

The Critical Medication List. A List of Medicines that must be given urgently: i.e. immediately or within 2 hours. Responsibility. Doctor To notify nursing/midwifery staff promptly when new medication is prescribed.

What are Apinch drugs?

These medicines include anti-infective agents, anti-psychotics, potassium, insulin, narcotics and sedative agents, chemotherapy and heparin and other anticoagulants. These medicines are represented by the acronym ‘A PINCH’. The poster below can be used to assist hospitals in raising awareness of A PINCH medicines.

What ICU nurses need to know?

What skills do ICU nurses need?Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS)Patient care.Critical care.Life support.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)Trauma.Patient/family education and instruction.Telemetry.More items…•

What is an side effect?

noun. any effect of a drug, chemical, or other medicine that is in addition to its intended effect, especially an effect that is harmful or unpleasant. any accompanying or consequential and usually detrimental effect: the side effects of air pollution.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

What are the top 5 high alert medications?

The five high-alert medications are insulin, opiates and narcotics, injectable potassium chloride (or phosphate) concentrate, intravenous anticoagulants (heparin), and sodium chloride solutions above 0.9%.

What is a life saving drug?

It is commonly known as SI 449 of 2015 or the emergency medicines legislation. These regulations allow trained non-medical persons to administer six prescription-only medicines to a person, without a prescription, for the purpose of saving their life or reducing severe distress in an emergency situation.

What are 10 items in a first aid kit?

A basic first aid kit may contain:plasters in a variety of different sizes and shapes.small, medium and large sterile gauze dressings.at least 2 sterile eye dressings.triangular bandages.crêpe rolled bandages.safety pins.disposable sterile gloves.tweezers.More items…

What is the most common emergency in the dental office?

SyncopeSyncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).

What drugs increase heart rate?

Certain medicines used to treat depression can raise your heart rate. They include serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) such as desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, and venlafaxine, and tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline, clomipramine, desipramine, and others.

What is the most common route of administration?

Oral administrationOral administration This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. Solid dose forms such as tablets and capsules have a high degree of drug stability and provide accurate dosage.

What are the emergency drugs in ICU?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)DrugDose (IV)Furosemide0.5–1 mg/Kg IVHydrocortisone2 mg/Kg IV bolusInsulin (regular)0.05–0.1 Units/Kg bolus IV or SQ 0.05–0.1 Units/Kg/hr infusionLidocaine 2%1 mg/Kg IV/IO*18 more rows

What is in an emergency drug kit?

The emergency drugs kit from BOC Healthcare contains the following drugs as recommended by the Resuscitation Council UK for dental practices;Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) spray (400micrograms/dose)Salbutamol aerosol inhaler (100micrograms/actuation)Adrenaline injection (1:1000, 1mg/ml)Aspirin dispersable (300mg)More items…

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What is atropine used for in an emergency?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.

What drugs are used in ICU?

Cardiovascular DrugsAnticoagulant drugs. Warfarin. As an oral anticoagulant used worldwide, warfarin is used to prevent and treat thromboembolic disorders in the ICU. … Antiplatelet drugs. Clopidogrel. … Antiarrhythmic drugs. Metoprolol. … Vasoactive drugs. Vasopressin. … Statins. Simvastatin.

How do drugs enter the body?

Substances can enter the body through various means. Drugs can be smoked, snorted, injected, swallowed (pills, capsules, liquids), or applied through transdermal means (applied to the skin). 1,2 Some substances can be eaten, such as marijuana.