Question: Which Medication Is A Potassium Sparing Diuretic Quizlet?

Which medication is a potassium sparing diuretic?

Examples of potassium-sparing diuretics include: Amiloride.

Eplerenone (Inspra) Spironolactone (Aldactone, Carospir).

What are potassium sparing diuretics used for?

Potassium-sparing diuretics are one type of diuretic. They are weak diuretics usually prescribed in combination with other types of diuretics. They are used to increase the amount of fluid passed from the body in urine, whilst also preventing too much potassium being lost with it.

What diuretics are safe for kidneys?

Frequently‐administered potassium‐sparing diuretics are triamterene, amiloride, spironolactone and eplerenone. These drugs are further classified as those that inhibit epithelial sodium channels and mineralocorticoid receptor inhibitors.

What are the three types of diuretics?

There are three types of diuretics:Loop-acting diuretics, such as Bumex®, Demadex®, Edecrin® or Lasix®. … Potassium-sparing diuretics, such as Aldactone®, Dyrenium® or Midamor®. … Thiazide diuretics, such as Aquatensen®, Diucardin® or Trichlorex®.

What are the side effects of potassium sparing diuretics?

Side effects of diureticstoo little potassium in the blood.too much potassium in the blood (for potassium-sparing diuretics)low sodium levels.headache.dizziness.thirst.increased blood sugar.muscle cramps.More items…

Do I need to drink more water when taking hydrochlorothiazide?

Be careful not to become overheated or dehydrated in hot weather while taking hydrochlorothiazide. Talk to your doctor about how much fluid you should be drinking; in some cases drinking too much fluid is just as harmful as not drinking enough fluids.

How do thiazide diuretics affect potassium?

Hypokalemia – Thiazide diuretics reduces potassium concentration in blood through two indirect mechanisms: inhibition of sodium-chloride symporter at distal convoluted tubule of a nephron and stimulation of aldosterone that activates Na+/K+-ATPase at collecting duct.

Does Diamox lower potassium?

Answer: The “starter pak” is Diamox (acetazolamide) plus a potassium supplement. While Diamox reduces (or stops) the number of attacks, it also causes you to excrete potassium in your urine, so you need to take some potassium to make up for what you lose.

What does it mean by potassium sparing?

Potassium-sparing diuretics refers to drugs that cause diuresis without causing potassium loss in the urine and leading to hypokalemia. They are typically used as an adjunct in management of hypertension, cirrhosis, and congestive heart failure.

Is Hydrochlorothiazide a potassium sparing drug?

Thus, it reduces sodium and water in the body but also prevents the depletion of potassium. For this reason, triamterene is called a potassium sparing diuretic. By combining hydrochlorothiazide with triamterene, sodium and water are eliminated from the body without the loss of potassium.

Can Diuretics damage kidneys?

Diuretics. Doctors use these medicines, also known as water pills, to treat high blood pressure and some kinds of swelling. They help your body get rid of extra fluid. But they can sometimes dehydrate you, which can be bad for your kidneys.

Why do diuretics cause hypokalemia?

Because loop and thiazide diuretics increase sodium delivery to the distal segment of the distal tubule, this increases potassium loss (potentially causing hypokalemia) because the increase in distal tubular sodium concentration stimulates the aldosterone-sensitive sodium pump to increase sodium reabsorption in …

Which drug is the strongest diuretic?

Loop diuretics are the most potent diuretics as they increase the elimination of sodium and chloride by primarily preventing reabsorption of sodium and chloride.

What does hydrochlorothiazide do to potassium?

Hydrochlorothiazide can lower blood potassium, sodium, and magnesium levels. Low potassium and magnesium levels can lead to abnormalities in heart rhythm, especially in patients already taking digoxin (Lanoxin).

Do I need to take potassium with hydrochlorothiazide?

If you take a low dose of chlorthalidone or hydrochlorothiazide and have normal kidney function, your doctor will probably recommend getting potassium from dietary sources. You can boost your potassium intake from the same foods that are heart healthy – vegetables, fruits and fish.

Does Bendrofluazide cause low potassium?

Bendroflumethiazide does not make asthma worse. However, some medicines used to treat asthma can cause low levels of potassium in your blood, and this is also a side effect of bendroflumethiazide.

Which diuretics are not potassium sparing?

Non Potassium Sparing DiureticsDrugTargetTypeFurosemide6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, decarboxylatingenzymeFurosemideCarbonic anhydrase 2targetFurosemideUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzymeFurosemideThyroxine-binding globulincarrier51 more rows

How does Diamox reduce eye pressure?

Acetazolamide works by blocking the action of an enzyme called carbonic anhydrase. Blocking this enzyme reduces the amount of fluid (called aqueous humour) that you make in the front part of your eye, and this helps to lower the pressure within your eye.

Does potassium make you urinate a lot?

A potassium level that is too high or too low can be serious. Abnormal levels may cause symptoms such as muscle cramps or weakness, nausea, diarrhea, or frequent urination. Other symptoms may include dehydration, low blood pressure, confusion, irritability, paralysis, and changes in heart rhythm.

Is Diamox a potassium sparing diuretic?

Diuretics are a class of medications commonly known as “water pills.” … Potassium-sparing diuretics, including Aldactone (spironolactone), Inspra (eplerenone), Dyrenium (triamterene), and Midamor (amiloride) Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as Diamox (acetazolamide) — mainly used for glaucoma and altitude sickness.

Does Diamox lower blood pressure?

Background: The carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide (AZT) modulates blood pressure (BP) at high altitude and reduces sleep disordered breathing in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA).