Quick Answer: What Did Aristotle Say About Tragedy?

What are the four types of tragedy?

(5) There are four distinct kinds of tragedy, and the poet should aim at bringing out all the important parts of the kind he chooses.

First, there is the complex tragedy, made up of peripeteia and anagnorisis; second, the tragedy of suffering; third, the tragedy of character; and fourth, the tragedy of spectacle..

What according to Aristotle are the three major components of tragedy?

According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle (scenic effect), and song (music), of which the first two are primary.

What are the features of a tragedy?

Aristotle defined three key elements which make a tragedy: harmartia, anagnorisis, and peripeteia. Hamartia is a hero’s tragic flaw; the aspect of the character which ultimately leads to their downfall. In Othello, his rage and recklessness is fueled, more than anything, by his jealousy.

How does Aristotle defend poetry?

Plato condemned poetry on moral, intellectual and emotional grounds. Aristotle takes up the objections of Plato one by one, and justifies poetry morally, emotionally and intellectually. He is the first to use the term Katharsis in connection with tragedy, and this part of the Poetics is highly original and moving.

What is the function of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle states that the purpose of tragedy is to arouse “terror and pity” and thereby effect the catharsis of these emotions. His exact meaning has been the subject of critical debate over the centuries.

What are the main characters of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle defines tragedy according to seven characteristics: (1) it is mimetic, (2) it is serious, (3) it tells a full story of an appropriate length, (4) it contains rhythm and harmony, (5) rhythm and harmony occur in different combinations in different parts of the tragedy, (6) it is performed rather than narrated, …

What are Aristotle’s six elements of tragedy?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and song-composition.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

Why is tragedy beautiful?

One of the explanation of why we feels the sense of beautiful. … We may feels happiness if emotions finally ‘catharsis’, just like the feelings after crying or vomit. From this perspective, tragedy may accumulate our negative emotions and let them ‘catharsis’ in the end, which gives us pleasure. See Catharsis.

When did Aristotle define a tragic hero?

To sum up: Aristotle defined a tragic hero rather strictly as a man of noble birth with heroic qualities whose fortunes change due to a tragic flaw or mistake (often emerging from the character’s own heroic qualities) that ultimately brings about the tragic hero’s terrible, excessive downfall.

What defines a tragedy?

Tragedy, branch of drama that treats in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful or terrible events encountered or caused by a heroic individual. By extension the term may be applied to other literary works, such as the novel.

What is diction according to Aristotle?

Diction. Aristotle says: “Diction; by which I mean, as has been already said, the expression of the meaning in words; and its essence is the same both in verse and prose.”

Which most closely represents Aristotle’s definition of tragedy?

Aristotle defined tragedy as “the imitation of an action that is. serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself,” in the. medium of poetic language and in the manner of dramatic rather than.

What is Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero?

The present study investigates the tragic hero, defined in Aristotle’s Poetics as “an intermediate kind of personage, not pre-eminently virtuous and just” whose misfortune is attributed, not to vice or depravity, but an error of judgment. The hero is fittingly described as good in spite of an infirmity of character.